Department of Botany

The Department of Botany is responsible for the Botany Master‘s and Doctoral programmes. The research covers all fields of botany, including taxonomy and the ecology of plants, and also mycology.

Head of the Department: Assoc. Prof. Jan Kaštovský

Ph.D. study in Botany

Programme Director: Dr. Jan Kučera
Contact: phone (420)-387772384, e-mail
Co-operating institution: Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic

The main research topics include:

Plant systematics

The plant systematics group focuses on the microevolution process (particularly the study of hybridization, polyploid and cryptic speciation), and the ecological differentiation of populations and phylogeography of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens, using both molecular and conventional methods.


Phylogenetic relationships of Cyanobacteria and various groups of algae are studied using a polyphazic approach – combined approach using classical methods of optical microscopy, electron microscopy and moleculardata. Moreover, we focus on the ecological role of algae and Cyanobacteria in extreme environments in tropical and polar biotopes.

Plant ecology and vegetation science

In this field the ecology of individuals, populations, and communities, and vegetation on the landscape scale are studied. Individual working groups investigate the ecology of hemiparasitic plants and their interactions with their hosts, species coexistence in plant communities and the effects of species diversity and ecological invasions. Special attention is paid to methods of (multivariate) data analysis and modelling. Long term research is devoted to vegetation dynamics, especially succession, and its exploitation in restoration ecology. Research is also focused on linking plant functional traits with species adaptations in extreme alpine and arctic conditions and plant responses to land use changes in central European species-rich meadows.


The laboratory of archeobotany and palaeoecology (LAPE) deals with the analysis of large scale plant micro and macro remains, for example pollen, seeds, diatoms, charcoal, and wood from archaeological sites as well as natural and seminatural sediments. The laboratory’s research programme is concentrated on the postglacial period in Central Europe.