Master program Molecular and Cell Biology and Genetics
The aim of the study is to (1) deepen students' knowledge of molecular and cell biology and genetics and (2) prepare students for independent professional / scientific work in the laboratory. Students therefore take lectures and practical courses necessary for application not only in modern biological research, either basic or applied, but also in practice in forensic and clinical laboratories and biotechnology companies. The aim is to educate independent graduates who are familiar with the most modern approaches of molecular biology and genetics and are able to process and present the results of scientific work. The result of the study is also an experimentally oriented diploma thesis, which should have the ambition to become a basis for a scientific publication.
Graduates of the Master program Molecular and Cell Biology and Genetics should have deepened knowledge of molecular processes at the cell and organism level, should be able to apply the molecular genetic view to various biological, biotechnological and possibly biomedical problems, be able to understand the principles of the most modern molecular genetic and basic bioinformatic analyzes and apply some of them. The graduate should also be able to critically study scientific literature, analyze, evaluate and present (oral and written) experimental data.
The acquired knowledge and skills will enable the graduate to continue his / her academic career in doctoral studies primarily in the fields of cell and molecular biology and genetics, but also in the fields of molecular physiology, biochemistry, biomedicine and, in certain cases, bioinformatics. Thanks to the modern wide application of molecular biology, however, graduates have a very good chance to find their place in the application sphere - in clinical diagnostic laboratories, forensic genetic laboratories, or as service specialists and technicians in various service laboratories and biotechnology companies.
Experimental diploma theses focus mainly on the areas of interest of scientific groups associated under the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, located at the Faculty of Science and closely cooperating institutes of the Biology Center ASCR. These areas include the characterization of molecular and cellular processes such as cyanobacteria photosynthesis, metabolism and gene expression in parasitic protozoa to find new targets for treatment, ticks immune processes and pathogen transfer mechanisms, cellular signaling on the classical model organism Drosophila melanogaster, epigenetic mechanisms in plant models. Further studies of molecular evolution and characterization of unicellular eukaryotes, molecular mechanisms of co-evolution of host and parasite / symbiont, molecular cytogenetics and study of sex chromosome evolution in arthropods, through cytogenetics and genomic approaches in plant models. Scientific interests also include studying molecular mechanisms that affect biological processes at the whole organism level, such as regulating metabolism during immune response in the Drosophila melanogaster model, studying insect hormonal regulation and diapause, and studying the molecular mechanisms of circadian and photoperiodic clocks in insects. Last but not least, it is also the study of the regulation of early mouse development and molecular mechanisms of insect development.