Life in Extreme Environments new book from prof. Elster
Life in Extreme Environments a new book from prof. Elster just came out
From deep ocean trenches and the geographical poles to outer space, organisms can be found living in remarkably extreme conditions. This book provides a captivating account of these systems and their extraordinary inhabitants, ‘extremophiles’. A diverse, multidisciplinary group of experts discuss responses and adaptations to change; biodiversity, bioenergetic processes, and biotic and abiotic interactions; polar environments; and life and habitability, including searching for biosignatures in the extraterrestrial environment. The editors emphasize that understanding these systems is important for increasing our knowledge and utilizing their potential, but this remains an understudied area. Given the threat to these environments and their biota caused by climate change and human impact, this timely book also addresses the urgency to document these systems. It will help graduate students and researchers in conservation, marine biology, evolutionary biology, environmental change and astrobiology better understand how life exists in these environments and their susceptibility or resilience to change.
Life in extreme environments: insights in biological capability; Introduction; Part I. Extreme Environments: Responses and Adaptation to Change: 1. Physiological traits of the Greenland shark somniosus microcephalus obtained during the TUNU-expeditions to northeast Greenland; 2. Metazoan adaptation to deep-sea hydrothermal vents; 3. Extremophiles populating a high level natural radiation area (HLNRA) in northern Iran; Part II. Biodiversity, Bioenergetic Processes, and Biotic and Abiotic Interactions: 4. Metazoan life in anoxic marine sediments; 5. How to survive winter? Adaptation and acclimation strategies of eukaryotic algae in polar terrestrial ecosystems; 6. Viral infections of vertebrates including humans in the polar areas; Part III. Life in Extreme Environments and the Responses to Change: The Example of Polar Environments: 7. Life in the extreme environments of our planet under pressure: climate-induced threats and exploitation opportunities; 8. The ecophysiology of responding to change in polar marine benthos; 9. The Southern Ocean: an extreme environment or just home of unique ecosystems?; 10. Microorganisms in cryoturbated organic matter of arctic permafrost soils; 11. Chemical ecology in the Southern Ocean; 12. Metabolic and taxonomic diversity in Antarctic subglacial environments; Part IV. Life and Habitability: Introduction: 13. Analytical astrobiology: the search for life signatures and the remote detection of biomarkers through their Raman spectral interrogation; 14. Adaptation/acclimatization mechanisms of oxyphototrophic microorganisms and their relevance to astrobiology; 15. Life at the extremes.