Department of Botany

The Department of Botany is responsible for the Botany Master‘s and Doctoral programmes. The research covers all fields of botany, including taxonomy and the ecology of plants, and also mycology.

Head of the Department: Assoc. Prof. Jan Kaštovský

Research and education activities

Plant systematics

The plant systematics group focuses on the microevolution process (particularly the study of hybridization, polyploid and cryptic speciation), and the ecological differentiation of populations and phylogeography of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens, using both molecular and conventional methods.


Phylogenetic relationships of Cyanobacteria and various groups of algae are studied using a polyphazic approach – combined approach using classical methods of optical microscopy, electron microscopy and moleculardata. Moreover, we focus on the ecological role of algae and Cyanobacteria in extreme environments in tropical and polar biotopes.

Plant ecology and vegetation science

In this field the ecology of individuals, populations, and communities, and vegetation on the landscape scale are studied. Individual working groups investigate the ecology of hemiparasitic plants and their interactions with their hosts, species coexistence in plant communities and the effects of species diversity and ecological invasions. Special attention is paid to methods of (multivariate) data analysis and modelling. Long term research is devoted to vegetation dynamics, especially succession, and its exploitation in restoration ecology. Research is also focused on linking plant functional traits with species adaptations in extreme alpine and arctic conditions and plant responses to land use changes in central European species-rich meadows.


The laboratory of archeobotany and palaeoecology (LAPE) deals with the analysis of large scale plant micro and macro remains, for example pollen, seeds, diatoms, charcoal, and wood from archaeological sites as well as natural and seminatural sediments. The laboratory’s research programme is concentrated on the postglacial period in Central Europe.

Example of results


EKRT L., KOUTECKÝ P. (2016): Between sexual and apomictic: unexpectedly variable sporogenesis and production of viable polyhaploids in the pentaploid fern of the Dryopteris affinis agg. (Dryopteridaceae). Annals of Botany, roč. 117, č. 1, s. 97-106.

BLAŽEK P., LEPŠ J., FAJMON K., TĚŠITEL J. (2016): Response of two hemiparasitic Orobanchaceae species to mowing dates: implications for grassland conservation and restoration practice. Plant Ecology and Evolution, roč. 149, č. 1, s. 31-38

FIBICH P., LEPŠ J., NOVOTNÝ V., KLIMEŠ P., TĚŠITEL J., MOLEM K., DAMAS K., WEIBLEN G. (2016): Spatial patterns of tree species distribution in New Guinea primary and secondary lowland rain forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, roč. 27, č. 2, s. 328-339.

TĚŠITEL J. (2016): Functional biology of parasitic plants: a review. Plant Ecology and Evolution, roč. 149, č. 1, s. 5-20.

CHLUMSKÝ J., KOUTECKÝ P., PLACKOVA I., ŠTECH M. (2016): Is genetic diversity congruent with morphological diversity across the distributional range of the Melampyrum subalpinum group (Orobanchaceae)?. Flora, roč. 220, č. 2016, s. 74-83.

SVĚTLÍKOVÁ P., BLAŽEK P., MÜHLSTEINOVÁ R., TĚŠITEL J. (2016): Tracing nitrogen flow in a root-hemiparasitic association by foliar stable-isotope labelling. Plant Ecology and Evolution, roč. 149, č. 1, s. 39-44.

SVOBODOVÁ Š., KOŠNAR J., KOUTECKÝ P., ŠTECH M. (2016):  Microsatellite analysis of four similar Euphrasia (Orobanchaceae) species changes the traditional view of this group. Plant Ecology and Evolution, , roč. 149, č. 1, s. 45-58.

KOMÁREK J., (2016): A polyphasic approach for the taxonomy of cyanobacteria: principles and applications. European Journal of Phycology, roč. 51, č. 3, s. 346-353.

ALTMAN J., FIBICH P., LEPŠ J., UEMURA S., HARA T., DOLEŽAL J. (2016): Linking spatiotemporal disturbance history with tree regeneration and diversity in an old-growth forest in northern Japan. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, roč. 21, č. AUG 2016, s. 1-13.

DVORSKÝ M., CHLUMSKÁ Z., ALTMAN J., ČAPKOVÁ K., ŘEHÁKOVÁ K., MACEK M., KOPECKÝ M., LIANCOURT P., DOLEŽAL J. (2016): Gardening in the zone of death: an experimental assessment of the absolute elevation limit of vascular plants. Scientific Reports, roč. 6, č. APR 13 2016, s. nestránkováno.

KAŠTOVSKÝ J., VESELÁ J., BOHUNICKÁ M., FUČÍKOVÁ K., ŠTENCLOVÁ L., BREWER-CARÍAS C. (2016): New and unusual species of cyanobacteria, diatoms and green algae, with a description of a new genus Ekerewekia gen. nov. (Chlorophyta) from the table mountain Churi-tepui, Chimanta Massif (Venezuela). Phytotaxa, roč. 247, č. 3, s. 153-180.

BERRENDERO GOMÉZ E., JOHANSEN JR., KAŠTOVSKÝ J., BOHUNICKÁ M., ČAPKOVÁ K. (2016): Macrochaete gen. nov (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria), a taxon morphologically and molecularly distinct from Calothrix. Journal of Phycology, roč. 52, č. 4, s. 638-655.

MÁJEKOVÁ M., JANEČEK S., MUDRÁK O., HORNÍK J., JANEČKOVÁ P., BARTOŠ M., FAJMON K., JIRÁSKÁ S., GÖETZENBERGER L., ŠMILAUER P., LEPŠ J., DE BELLO F. (2016): Consistent functional response of meadow species and communities to land-use changes across productivity and soil moisture gradients. Applied Vegetation Science, roč. 19, č. 2, s. 196-205.

PEREZ CARMONA C., DE BELLO F., MASON N., LEPŠ J. (2016): Traits Without Borders: Integrating Functional Diversity Across Scales. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, roč. 31, č. 5, s. 382-394.

GÖTZENBERGER L., BOTTA-DUKÁT Z., LEPŠ J., PÄRTEL M., ZOBEL M., DE BELLO F. (2016): Which randomizations detect convergence and divergence in trait-based community assembly? A test of commonly used null models. Journal of Vegetation Science, roč. 27, č. 6, s. 1275-1287.

ŠEBELÍKOVÁ L., ŘEHOUNKOVÁ K., PRACH K. (2016):  Spontaneous revegetation vs. forestry reclamation in post-mining sand pits. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, roč. 23, č. 14, s. 13598-13605.

RONK A., DE BELLO F., FIBICH P., PÄRTEL M. (2016): Large-scale dark diversity estimates: new perspectives with combined methods. Ecology and Evolution, roč. 6, č. 17, s. 6266-6281.

VONDRÁK J., FROLOV IV., DAVYDOV E., URBANAVICHENE I., CHESNOKOV S., ZHDANOV I., MUCHNIK E., KONOREVA L., HIMELBRANT D., TCHABANENKO S. (2016): The extensive geographical range of several species of Teloschistaceae: evidence from Russia. Lichenologist, roč. 48, č. 3, s. 171-189.

PRACH K., TICHÝ L., LENCOVÁ K., ADÁMEK M., KOUTECKÝ T., SÁDLO J., BARTOŠOVÁ A., NOVÁK J., KOVÁŘ P., JÍROVÁ A., ŠMILAUER P., ŘEHOUNKOVÁ K. (2016): Does succession run towards potential natural vegetation? An analysis across seres. Journal of Vegetation Science, roč. 27, č. 3, s. 515-523.

KOCKINGER H., KUČERA J. (2016): Brachythecium funkii Schimp. and B. japygum (Glow.) Kockinger & Jan Kucera comb. nov., two Alpine species hitherto included in B. cirrosum (Schwagr.) Schimp.. Journal of Bryology, roč. 38, č. 4, s. 267-285.

Ph.D. Theses:

VÍTOVÁ A. (2017) Plant dispersal and establishment - important factors affecting species composition of meadow communities.

CHLUMSKÝ J. (2016) Dispersal, distribution and genetic diversity of Melampyrum subalpinum group.

BOHUNICKÁ M. (2015) Towards a modern revision of the cyanobacteria, a critically important prokaryotic phylum.

HOLÁ E. (2015) (A)sexual Life of Liverworts.

HORNÍK J. (2015) Changes of the vegetation of wet meadows depending on management.

MAREŠ J. (2015) Polyphasic approach to the taxonomy of selected cyanobacteria.